Alcoholism is a chronic disease caused by systematic use of alcoholic beverages; it is characterized by an addiction to them, and leads to mental and physical disorders. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an alcoholic is a person depending on alcohol, who suffers from mental and physical disabilities, who violates social and community ties. Alcoholism is a very serious illness. Throughout the world, every alcoholic has the right for a treatment.
Symptoms of Alcoholism:
- Constant craving for alcohol.
- Uncontrolled consumption of alcohol.
- Impaired memory and consciousness.
- Organ’s damage, such as cirrhosis, gastritis, pancreatitis, cardiovascular diseases.
Dependence on alcohol is caused by biochemical and psychological factors. Alcohol is absorbed through the mucous membranes of the mouth and stomach, and blood flow is distributed throughout the body. Later, alcohol is cleaved in the liver. It is assumed, that one of the reasons for painful craving for alcohol is a genetic defect, which slows down due to the splitting of alcohol in the liver.
Alcoholics should be treated by psychiatrists and psychologists. One must completely stop drinking. Sudden cessation of alcohol use causes withdrawal symptoms. Alcoholics often have severe physical and mental disorders. Most often people suffering from alcohol addiction cannot help themselves. However, the positive impact of therapeutic self-help group visits are obvious.
If you find it hard to give up alcohol and control its consumption, you should seek medical advice. Unfortunately, very few people recognize their illness as being alcoholics. Often, they have to be treated only under duress, or just after a drunkard got seriously injured or caused the accident himself. The doctor examines the patient and finds out how the addiction affected his organs. Then he prescribes a special course of treatment.