Antifungal agents are a group of drugs used to treat infections caused by fungi.
Diseases caused by fungal infection may affect different parts of the body, so for different cases the patient should use different antifungal drugs. For example, treatment can be performed both on surface area (skin, nails, genitals), and internal organs (heart, lungs). Antifungal drugs affect the fungal cell wall, causing the cells to derive from the vital substance.
Antifungals are used to treat pulmonary fungal infections (athlete's foot), as well as potentially dangerous fungal infection (aspergillosis).
For the treatment of infections of the skin patient should use smooth and scalp cream or a shampoo containing, for example, miconazole. After about a week symptoms begin to disappear, but the treatment must continue for at least another two weeks. Terbinafine is used orally for several months to effectively treat nail infections. Clotrimazole (cream or vaginal suppository) is used for thrush. If thrush occurs, fluconazole is administered orally.
In case of severe infections of internal organs patients are prescribed injections, such as amphotericin B, and then a course of antifungal oral medication.