Skin is the largest organ of the human body. Skin covers and protects the bones, muscles, internal organs and helps regulate body temperature. Skin, hair and nails often reflect the general condition of the body and form an important part of a person's appearance. Some of the problems of the skin, hair and nails can be managed independently at home. In many cases, you may need the help of a doctor. Doctors who specialize in skin problems, are called dermatologists. In some cases, skin problems can lead you to the cabinet of allergists.
Black dots (open comedones) - are clogged sebum pores on the skin surface.
Dermatitis (or eczema and rashes) is an inflammation of the skin, which is reflected as dry, itchy spots that look like scales. The rash may be caused by various reasons: allergies, irritations and various diseases. There are several types of dermatitis: atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis (caused by an allergic reaction to skin contact with an irritant), and seborrheic dermatitis (itching and flaking of the skin and scalp).
Dry and sensitive skin. If you have dry skin, you can often observe an irritation, peeling, and even a little itchy process. Sensitive skin reacts immediately to a number of external factors: temperature, wind, and various chemicals, etc.
Urticaria happens when a stimulus causes cells to provide histamine. Histamine, in its turn causes vasodilation. The fluid accumulates under the skin, and it produces large, red, often itchy blisters, called papules.
Scabies. When we talk about scabies on the skin, that means the small, very itchy blisters appear. The causative agent of scabies is the itch mite.
Scars. Scars are marks on the skin remaining after accidents, operations or illnesses. The formation of scar is a natural process of wound healing, when the regenerative tissue fills the damaged area. The more serious the damage, the longer the wound heals and the greater the likelihood of scarring is.
Disorders of pigmentation. Disorders of pigmentation (skin color) is the improper distribution of pigment in the skin, which can be caused by several factors.
Wrinkles. Wrinkles are one of the most visible signs of aging.
As far as you see, people with different variations of the skin should seek medical advice. Sometimes a very serious disease starts with seemingly innocent changes.